National Water Sector Strategy
Water is a shared common resource fundamental to life and in sustaining the environment and plays a central role in the social and economic development of Tanzania. It touches all spheres of life including domestic, agriculture, livestock, fisheries, wildlife, industry, energy, recreation and other social and economic activities. Water is vital for sustainable socio-economic development as a strategic primary input playing a pivotal role in poverty alleviation through enhancing food security, domestic hygienic security, hydropower, industrial development, mining, navigation, and the environment for sustenance of ecosystems. Availability of adequate water supply of good quality reduces time spent in fetching water, increases health standards, and ensures a favourable environment for increased children’s school attendance. Use of contaminated water poses health risks to the population as evidenced by the prevalence of water-borne diseases such as diarrhoea and cholera. It is against this background that the Water Sector has been included among priority sectors in the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (NSGRP/MKUKUTA). Despite its importance to human survival and development, water in the country is poorly distributed in time, space, quantity and quality and, generally, it is a finite and vulnerable resource.
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